Franchise Disclosure Documents: What You Need to Know

Franchise Disclosure Documents (FDDs) play a crucial role in the franchising industry, providing vital information to prospective franchisees. In this article, we will delve into the importance of FDDs and highlight key considerations for aspiring franchisees to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the document before making any franchise investment decisions.

Overview of Franchise Disclosure Documents:

Franchise Disclosure Documents are legal documents provided by franchisors to potential franchisees as mandated by regulatory authorities. These documents contain detailed information about the franchisor, the franchise system, financial obligations, terms and conditions, and other essential aspects of the franchise agreement. FDDs are designed to provide transparency and help potential franchisees make informed decisions about investing in a particular franchise opportunity.

Franchisee Rights and Obligations:

FDDs outline the rights and obligations of both the franchisor and the franchisee. It includes information about the initial franchise fee, ongoing royalties, marketing and advertising fees, territorial rights, training and support, intellectual property rights, renewal and termination conditions, and any other relevant obligations and restrictions. Understanding these terms is crucial to assess the financial implications and operational responsibilities associated with the franchise opportunity.

Financial Performance Representations:

FDDs may include financial performance representations (FPRs), also known as earnings claims, which provide insights into the potential financial performance of the franchise business. These representations can include historical financial data, average revenue figures, or profit projections. It is important for prospective franchisees to carefully review these representations and consider them alongside their own market research and due diligence to make realistic financial projections.

Legal and Compliance Disclosures:

FDDs contain important legal and compliance disclosures, including information about litigation history, bankruptcy filings, franchisee associations, and other legal matters involving the franchisor. Prospective franchisees should thoroughly review this section to understand any potential legal risks associated with the franchise opportunity. It is also advisable to seek legal counsel to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the legal aspects outlined in the FDD.


Franchise Disclosure Documents are crucial tools for prospective franchisees to evaluate and assess a franchise opportunity. By carefully reviewing and understanding the information presented in the FDD, aspiring franchisees can make informed decisions, assess the financial implications, and ensure compliance with legal requirements before entering into a franchise agreement.