Different Types of Franchise Models for Business Expansion

Franchise models have become a popular and effective way for businesses to expand their reach and penetrate new markets. In this article, we will discuss the various types of franchise models that exist, offering entrepreneurs and businesses different approaches to enter the franchise industry and grow their brand presence.

Single Unit Franchise:

The most common type of franchise model is the single-unit franchise, where a franchisee operates a single location of the brand. This model allows for focused attention on one unit and provides the franchisee with a manageable workload and investment.

Multi-Unit Franchise:

In a multi-unit franchise model, a franchisee operates multiple units of the same brand within a specific geographic area. This model offers economies of scale, centralized management, and the potential for greater profits. It is suitable for experienced franchisees or entrepreneurs looking to expand their portfolios.

Master Franchise:

A master franchise model involves granting exclusive rights to a franchisee to develop and sub-franchise within a specific territory or region. The master franchisee acts as a mini-franchisor, recruiting and supporting sub-franchisees while receiving a share of their franchise fees and royalties. This model allows for rapid expansion and localized expertise.

Area Development Franchise:

In an area development franchise, a franchisee is granted the right to open multiple units within a specific geographic area over a defined period. This model provides exclusivity within the designated area and allows for controlled growth and market saturation.

Conversion Franchise:

A conversion franchise model involves converting an existing independent business into a franchise. The franchisee benefits from the established brand, systems, and support of the franchisor while retaining ownership of their business. This model allows entrepreneurs to leverage their existing customer base and operational knowledge.

Co-Branding Franchise:

Co-branding involves two or more complementary brands coming together to operate under one roof. This model allows franchisees to offer a wider range of products or services, attract diverse customer segments, and benefit from shared marketing efforts. It is commonly seen in the food and beverage industry.

Non-Traditional Franchise:

Non-traditional franchise models involve establishing franchise units in unconventional locations such as airports, hospitals, universities, or convenience stores. This model allows for increased brand exposure and tapping into specific target markets.


Choosing the right franchise model is crucial for entrepreneurs and businesses considering franchise expansion. Each type of franchise model offers unique advantages and considerations, depending on the goals, resources, and market dynamics. Understanding these different franchise models can help aspiring franchisees and franchisors make informed decisions and pave the way for successful business growth in the competitive franchise industry.